Category Archive Number № 11

Pump-hose systems hydraulic calculations problem in fire tactics

O.S. Malyutin; S.A. Vasilev, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article provides an overview of possible options for the construction of pump-hose systems in extinguishing fires, as well as methods of their calculation. The most common variants of pump-hose systems are given, their description and features are given too. The accepted methods of calculation of each of the variants of pump-hose systems are considered in detail. The advantages and disadvantages characteristic for each of them are noted. The known reference data used in the calculation of pump-hose systems are given. Also, for the first
time in the literature, these data are supplemented by experimentally obtained values for fire hoses with a diameter of less than 50 and more than 150 mm. In conclusion, it is concluded that the methods used are inaccurate. It is noted that their main advantage is the speed of calculations, while the results may differ from the real values. In conclusion, the necessity of development of methods of calculations of pump-hose systems subject to marked disadvantages..

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Using the R programming language for fire safety issues: data wrangling and data visualization

E.N. Materov, Ph.D. of Physico-mathematical Sciences
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article provides an overview of the R programming language, its capabilities for processing and visualization of tabular data on examples related to fire safety issues. Besides, the basic principles of graphics by means of R are shown, as well as examples of exploratory data analysis, general recommendations on promising methods of computer information processing in the R environment, and advantages in comparison with other means of data processing.

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Analysis of the results of experimental exploitation of the prototype information system of achievements and results of the teaching staff of educational organizations of higher education EMERCOM of Russia

A.A. Melnik, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; P.A. Osavelyuk, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; D.V. Ivanov; S.A. Vasilev, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article provides an overview of the process of introduction of the prototype information system of the results of teaching staff of educational organizations of higher education of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in educational activities FGBOU VO Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations and analysis of the results of the experimental operation of the information system, identified errors, comments and suggestions.

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Practical use of training facilities for the training of firefighters and rescuers

A.V. Vahleev, A.A. Stelmakh, A.N. Zubarev
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article discusses the features of the use of multifunctional training complexes for the training of firefighters and rescuers of various types. The analysis of their use allowed to identify the positive aspects of these complexes, as well as the existing shortcomings, which served as the basis to recommend as an alternative version of the training and training modeling complex “Fire house” for the training of firefighters and rescuers installed on the site of the Institute OF development of FSBEI in the Siberian fire and rescue Academy of the Ministry of emergency situations of Russia.

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Experimental-innovative pedagogical activity on formation of safe personality

A.P. Savin, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences, associate professor; S.P. Cherny, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences, associate professor
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia.

The article discusses the pedagogical regulation of the variability of a child’s imagination in the formation of practical skills of behavior in extreme situations. The solution to this problem is achieved by the experimental and innovative activity of a teacher in educational process of secondary school.

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The competency-based approach in professional training of military students in educational establishments of EMERCOM of Russia

O.V. Vdovin
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The problem review of the competency-based approach implementation in educational establishments of EMERCOM of Russia is given in the article. According to the results of the analysis, the key aspects of the competencybased approach in educational establishments of EMERCOM of Russia are defined.

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Formation of a healthy way of life in students of higher educational institutions

T.G. Adusheva, Associate Professor
FGBOU VO «Siberian State University of Science and Technology named after Academician M.F. Reshetnev»

The article considers a healthy lifestyle as the main component of the life of a modern student studying under the programs of higher education. The main factors influencing the formation of a healthy lifestyle of students, development and preservation of their health are revealed. Each factor is examined in detail, its importance and mandatory presence in the life of every modern student, monitoring his state of health, the level of physical fitness and activity.

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Evaluation of fire risks and damaging factors 220 kV closed switchgear

S.N. Masaev1, Ph.D of Engineering Sciences; A.N. Minkin 2, Ph.D of Engineering Sciences,
Assistant Professor; D.A. Edimichev 3, Ph.D of Engineering Sciences

1,2,3 FSAEI HE Siberian Federal University;
22FSBEI HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article is devoted to the assessment of fire danger on a closed switchgear of 220 kV through the calculation of the risk of occurrence and development, according to scenarios, of a fire with spillage of a flammable liquid (transformer oil). An assessment of the damaging factors of a fire with a strait is carried out depending on the distance from the place of an emergency.

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Provisions of the reform of the control and supervision activities in relation to the supervisory and preventive functions of the EMERCOM of Russia

Y.A. Andreev1,2, Holder of an Advanced Doctorate (Doctor of Science) in Engineering Sciences; P.V. Shirinkin 1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; A.A. Melnik 1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; A.N.Nestrugin 3, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; I.V.Maltceva3
1 Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy of the State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia;
2 Siberian Federal University;
3Department of Supervision and Preventive Work of the EMERCOM of Russia

The main provisions of the reform of control and supervisory activities and the existing methodological proposals of assessing of the efficiency of preventive measures were studied, the components of the supervisory EMERCOM system of federal, territorial and municipal levels for assessing of level of development of the system of prevention and rating were proposed.

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About mitigation of the consequences of accidents in the carriage of liquid top-law on road roads

D.V. Sedov, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; R.G. Shubkin, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences
East-Siberian Institute of the MIA of Russia

The article highlights the results of the development of preventive measures aimed at mitigating the consequences of accidents associated with the transportation of liquid motor fuel on roads. The proposed measures make it possible to prevent and mitigate the consequences of fires and explosions that occur in accidents during the transportation of liquid motor fuel on roads, reducing the risk of damage.

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