IT and Life Safety Management

Two-factor analysis of variance of death of people in fires in the regions of the southern federal district

I.A. Kaibichev, Holder of an Advanced Doctorate in Physico-mathematical Sciences; K.I. Kalimullina

The Ural Institute of State Firefighting Service of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense

The dispersion analysis of deaths in fires in the regions of the Southern Federal district was performed according to the data of 2001-2016. With a probability of 0.95, it is proved that the average number of deaths in fires for the regions of the Southern Federal district is different. The difference is due to the geographical location. The average number of deaths in fires in the South Federal district also varies from year to year. The difference is due to the time factor. The established facts can be useful in mathematical modeling of the situation with the death of people in fires in the regions of the South Federal district.

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A sociological study of the impact of the fires with the use of factor analysis

V.V. Kharin; E.V. Bobrinev, Ph.D. of Biological Sciences, Senior Research Officer; E.Yu. Udavtsova, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; A.A. Kondashov, Ph.D. of Physico-mathematical Sciences

FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia

The results of studies of social risks in the field of fire safety are presented. The risk of death in fires depending on the demographic characteristics of the population (age, sex) for urban and rural areas, taking into account the conditions that contributed to the death of people in fires in the subjects of the Russian Federation for the period from 2012 to 2018, was studied. In order to identify the structural relationships between the risk of death in fires for different population groups, taking into account the characteristics of individual subjects of the Russian Federation and the allocation of a small number of latent factors, the change of which explains the change in the observed indicators, a factor analysis was carried out using 48 sociological indicators for 85 subjects of the Russian Federation. Factor analysis revealed eight significant factors that explain 75.3% of the total variance of the statistical data set. The qualitative interpretation of each of the factors on the greatest contribution of components is given. Projections of factors in two-and three-dimensional spaces are studied. In the coordinate systems of the factors obtained, the places of each subject of the Russian Federation are determined. It is concluded that the factor analysis of the statistical array of sociological data gives an objective assessment of the levels of fire risk in the subjects of the Russian Federation and can be used for risk management.

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Effective indicators of the optimal selection of rescue equipment for small and dispersed objects

S. N. Masaev1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; A.N. Minkin1,2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, assistant professor; D.A. Edimichev1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences

1 FSAEI HE Siberian Federal University, Oil and gas institute, department on fire safety
2FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article is devoted to the definition of rational decisions on the choice of emergency rescue equipment for carrying out rescue and other urgent work on low-volume and dispersed objects using the methods of mathematical programming. The criteria for the efficiency of RT (rescue technique) operation during the mechanization of ER (Emergency Restoration) related to the implementation of measures to minimize the time and material costs of their implementation are determined. The scientific and practical tasks aimed at increasing the efficiency of mechanization during the ER are discussed. Various technologies for conducting ER using mechanization methods are proposed depending on the specific reduced costs. We consider numerical methods for solving multidimensional extremal problems: a method of enumerating variants, a linear programming method, a nonlinear programming method, a stochastic programming method. Formed indicators of the effectiveness of rescue equipment. A systematic approach, formed from two stages of the search domain principle, is given. A model of the duration of the time of the technological processes of emergency rescue equipment is displayed. For the payoff matrix, the behavior of participant A is determined by the maximin function, and for participant B, the minimax principle. It is determined that four typical situations of using rescue equipment in different climatic conditions with different characteristics of the loading material and the loading range are most likely.

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Effective indicators of the optimal selection of rescue equipment for small and dispersed objects

N.S. Shimon1; A.V. Kalach2, Holder of an Advanced Doctorate in Chemical Sciences, Full professor; А.А. Мельник3, канд. тех. наук, доцент; Е.В. Калач2, канд. техн. наук, доцент

1 State Institution of the Voronezh Region «Civil Defense, Population Protection and Fire Safety of the Voronezh Region»
2 Voronezh State Technical University
3 Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy of Ministry of Emergencies of Russia

The results of the activity of voluntary fire guard units in the territory of the Voronezh region for the period 2011 – 2018 are presented. Data on peculiarities of regulatory regulation of voluntary fire guard activity are presented. Emphasis is placed on performance, existing benefits and social guarantees for employees of voluntary fire protection units.

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Regressionnyy analysis of the temporary row amount in Russia

I.A. Kaibichev1, Doctor in Physical and Mathematic Sciences; E.I. Kaibicheva2, Ph.D. of Economic Sciences
1The Ural Institute of State Firefighting Service of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense;
2The Ural State University of Economics

The considered possibilities to aproximations of the temporary row amount fire in Russia for 2001-2017 most often used mathematical function.

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Straight and reverse pump-hose systems computation methods

O.S. Malyutin; S.A. Vasilev, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; P.A. Osavelyuk, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The paper provides an overview of different pump-hose systems computation methods in fire service. Emphasis is placed on approximation features of using methods. Declared concepts of straight and reverse pump-hose systems computation methods. Marks specific for each of them pros and cons. Making detailed overview of straight computation method and taking comparative analyze of complex pump-hose systems computation with different methods results. Especially marked pump-hose correct calculation practice significance from point of view of its effective construction and safety work. In the end of paper making conclusion about special software for pump-hose systems computation based on described methods development necessity and although about necessity to pay attention for correct construction and computation of them during fire service employee professional education process.

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Settlement definition of area of normative service of fire departments in the territory of the city of Krasnoyars

A. A. Melnik, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; A.V. Antonov, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; N.V Martinovich; O.S. Malyutin
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article describes the process of creating an information system for calculating the areas of normative service time of fire departments. A description of the calculation method is given. The base of normative and guiding documentation in this area is given. The main stages of calculations which are further transferred to the algorithm of work with the information system are listed. The article describes the choice of cartographic basis and placement of fire units, the order and features of determining the boundary speeds of fire units. The main results of the work are given. In conclusion, the main directions of application of the information system are listed. It is concluded that the results may be of interest to the management of fire departments and the need for further development of the described system.

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The study of prospective safety hazards

A.P. Savin, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences, docent; S.P. Cherniy, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences, docent
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The study of prospective safety hazards is primarily associated with information technology, and as a result with virtual reality. Nanotechnologies are increasingly entering our life; the question of their danger naturally arises. The advent of artificial intelligence, artificial consciousness, 3D-printers, laser devices, and robotics will change our lives in the future. They bring us dangers that we haven’t known yet.

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Approach to assessing the level of public awareness in the field of life safety

A. A. Melnik, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; A.V. Antonov, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; N.V Martinovich; I.V. Atylin
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The possible algorithm of assessment of level of knowledge of the population on the basis of results of sociological poll is presented in article. This indicator reflects a share of effectively informed population, i.e. a share of the population which obtained and acquired information in the field of complex safety. Assessment of level of knowledge is offered to carry out on questions “to markers. It is possible to use the indicator of effective informing offered in this work, as when determining cost, budgetary efficiency of each action for types of a source of information, and for determination of the cumulative economic and social effect of a complex of actions for informing the population in the field of complex safety.

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Comparative analysis of indicators of rapid response units of different types of fire protection

V.V. Kharin; E.V. Bobrinev, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Senior Researcher; E.Yu. Udavtsova, Candidate of Technical Sciences; A.A. Kondashov, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia

The tasks and resources of voluntary fire protection public associations are considered. The comparative analysis of indicators of consequences of fires (death, injury, direct material damage) and rapid response units of different types of fire protection (arrival time, fire extinguishing time). The problems in the state of readiness of units of voluntary fire protection to effectively solve the problem of saving people and property in case of fires in comparison with the units of the state fire service. Assumptions are made about the factors that lead to the described problem.

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Comparative analysis of indicators of rapid response units of different types of fire protection

V.V. Kharin; E.V. Bobrinev, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Senior Researcher; E.Yu. Udavtsova, Candidate of Technical Sciences; A.A. Kondashov, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences
FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia

The tasks and resources of voluntary fire protection public associations are considered. The comparative analysis of indicators of consequences of fires (death, injury, direct material damage) and rapid response units of different types of fire protection (arrival time, fire extinguishing time). The problems in the state of readiness of units of voluntary fire protection to effectively solve the problem of saving people and property in case of fires in comparison with the units of the state fire service. Assumptions are made about the factors that lead to the described problem.

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Using the R programming language for fire safety issues: Principal component analysis

E.N. Materov, Ph.D. of Physico-mathematical Sciences
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article describes the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) applied to the analysis of data on fires in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, as well as the possibility of implementing this method in the R programming language. The stages of implementation are illustrated with a specific example of these fires in motor vehicles.

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Analysis of the results of experimental exploitation of the prototype information system of achievements and results of the teaching staff of educational organizations of higher education EMERCOM of Russia

A.A. Melnik, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; P.A. Osavelyuk, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; D.V. Ivanov; S.A. Vasilev, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article provides an overview of the process of introduction of the prototype information system of the results of teaching staff of educational organizations of higher education of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in educational activities FGBOU VO Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations and analysis of the results of the experimental operation of the information system, identified errors, comments and suggestions.

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Using the R programming language for fire safety issues: data wrangling and data visualization

E.N. Materov, Ph.D. of Physico-mathematical Sciences
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article provides an overview of the R programming language, its capabilities for processing and visualization of tabular data on examples related to fire safety issues. Besides, the basic principles of graphics by means of R are shown, as well as examples of exploratory data analysis, general recommendations on promising methods of computer information processing in the R environment, and advantages in comparison with other means of data processing.

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Pump-hose systems hydraulic calculations problem in fire tactics

O.S. Malyutin; S.A. Vasilev, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article provides an overview of possible options for the construction of pump-hose systems in extinguishing fires, as well as methods of their calculation. The most common variants of pump-hose systems are given, their description and features are given too. The accepted methods of calculation of each of the variants of pump-hose systems are considered in detail. The advantages and disadvantages characteristic for each of them are noted. The known reference data used in the calculation of pump-hose systems are given. Also, for the first
time in the literature, these data are supplemented by experimentally obtained values for fire hoses with a diameter of less than 50 and more than 150 mm. In conclusion, it is concluded that the methods used are inaccurate. It is noted that their main advantage is the speed of calculations, while the results may differ from the real values. In conclusion, the necessity of development of methods of calculations of pump-hose systems subject to marked disadvantages..

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Information Decision Support System units EMERCOM of Russia under the threat of wildfires

V.S. Komorovsky, Candidate of Engineering Sciences
Siberian State Technological University

The development of decision support system for wildfire threat cases is considered. The information system has been developed for crisis management departments of Russia Emercom.

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Computer modeling of fire and evacuation in the paradigm of BIM

E.S. Kirik, Candidate of Physico-Mathematical Sciences
Institute of Computational Modelling, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Application of modeling of development of the fire and evacuation in the context of modern editions FZ-123 «Technical regulations about requirements of fire safety» and the Order of 382 Ministries of Emergency Situations of the Russian Federation from 6/30/2009 is considered. The tool for performance of computer modeling of development of the fire and evacuation realizing a BIM paradigm is presented.

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The main criteria for the actual load reduction on the part of the inspector’s department of supervisory activities on the GPS EMERCOM of Russia Fire Supervision

N.V. Martinovich; A.V. Antonov, Candidate of Engineering Sciences; I.N. Tatarkin
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article describes the main tasks and functions of the personnel of the state fire supervision. Analyzed, proposed and substantiated the main ways of reducing the burden on the staff of the state fire supervision.

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Information Management Software natural and technogenic safety

V.V. Nicheporchuk, Candidate of Engineering Sciences
Institute of Computational Modelling, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

This paper presents the applied aspects of risk assessment and control of the emergencies and crisis situations based on the comprehensive data monitoring. The processes of consolidation and application of information resources for risk management are considered. The results of implementation of automated system in the Center of Emergency Monitoring and Prediction of Krasnoyarsk Region are described in the paper.

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