№ 3(14) (28.06.2019)

The journal contains the following thematic sections (headings) that correspond to the Nomenclature of scientific specialties, approved by the Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia No. 59, dated February 25, 2009 (as amended and supplemented):

The journal reviews and accepts articles on the specific topics:

Articles:

Cover, editorial advice, content

Fire and industrial safety (05.26.03)

Analysis and generalization of statistical data on dangerous man-made phenomena in the petroleum industry of the Russian Federation

G.S. Duplyakov1; A.S. Gorbunov2; M.V. Elfimova1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; I.V. Nadeikin3, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences
1Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy of Firefighting Service of EMERCOM of Russia;
2FSBI «Forensic expert organization Federal Fire Service № 93 «fire testing laboratory» оf Emergencies of Russia»;
3Siberian federal university

The article deals with the problems of collection and research of statistical data of dangerous technogenic phenomena of the Russian oil industry. The analysis and generalization of the results of relevant statistical studies in this area. Statistical distributions are presented by: requency of occurrence of dangerous technogenic phenomena in the oil industry of the Russian Federation; fires and explosions depending on the object of occurrence; the causes and sources of ignition of fires and explosions at the facilities of oil and petroleum products warehouses; the circumstances accompanying emergence of fires and explosions on objects of warehouses of oil and oil products.

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Structural and structural-parametric model of support and decision-making for fire damage reduction

A.V. Kalach1, Holder of an Advanced Doctorate in Chemical Sciences, Full professor; E.V. Kalach1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; A.M. Tararykin2
1Voronezh State Technical University;
2Ural Institute of the State Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia

The analysis and synthesis of information on fires and their consequences in the territory of the Russian Federation for the period 2014-2018 presented. Special attention paid to the peculiarities of distribution of the main indicators of the situation with fires in the territory of the Russian Federation depending on the type of fire objects.

Structural and structural-parametric models of potential opportunities for making management decisions in the state fire service built. The structural and parametric model of potential management decision-making capabilities in the fire service will allow to create adequate and up-to-date models of optimization of measure selection to ensure the specified level of fire safety of objects.

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Assessment of risks of forest ground fires spreading and environmental consequences

A.Y. Andreev; Y.A. Andreev, Doctor of Science in Engineering Sciences Full, Senior Research Officer
Siberian Federal University

The types of forest fires, methods of assessment of forest fire risks and determining the stock of forest combustible materials in various forests types depending on the average age of the prevailing trees and methods for calculating the intensity of ground fires and carbon emissions were considered. Based on the data studied, the intensity of ground fires in different types of forests of different ages and carbon emissions under different weather conditions were calculated.

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Study of the dependence of the consequences of fires on the risk category of objects of protection

E.V. Bobrinev, Ph.D. of Biological Sciences, Senior Research Officer; E.Yu. Udavtsova, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; A.A. Kondashov, Ph.D. of Physico-mathematical Sciences
FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia

The problems of classification of objects of protection to risk categories are considered. It is shown that the direct application of the proposed criteria in the classification of the object to a certain category of risk may not reflect the real consequences of a fire. It is concluded that it is impossible to leave without supervision objects classified as low risk, which employ a larger number of the population, as they are not provided in due measure the safety of people. The potential risk of harm to health at these sites exceeds 10-6. A proposal was made to adjust the criteria for classifying objects of protection as risk.

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Numerical determination of the quantity of melting drops at a single-phase short circuit

Yu.S. Kozlova
FSAEIHE «South Ural State University (national research university)»

A single-phase short fault is one of the frequent types of overhead power lines unbalance. The resulting currents can cause fires. Break-sparks (melting drops) grad to heat source that have a high ignition ability and can become an ignition source. Existing assessment techniques do not allow taking in account various electrical network parameters on the fire hazardous parameters of molten metal droplets determining. At the same time, the dependences of the number and melting drops size on the short-circuit ampere, the short-circuit duration and etc. are necessary to understanding of the ensuring fire safety process in electric power lines. The mathematical model of the melting drops formation for wires of different cross sections based on the results of the experiment and using the experiment planning theory is obtained.

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Development of recommendations to optimize the production of fast-hardening foam in order to improve sustainability of building

E.A. Sushko1, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences, associate Professor; I.A. Ivanova1, Ph. D. of Engineering Sciences; V.N. Dudukin1, A.S. Krutolapov2
1Voronezh state technical University;
2St. Petersburg University of the State Ministry of Emergencies of Russia

Justification and optimization of the formulation of hardening foam to improve the stability of buildings.The study of different compositions and methods for producing fast-hardening foam. The method and devices of its implementation for the production of mechanical-chemical foam fast-hardening foam of low and medium multiplicity are developed, the formulation for the production of fast-hardening foam for filling hollow structures of buildings and structures is justified. To reduce the combustibility of the foam, it is proposed to reduce the degree of dispersion of the combustible component or filling the foam with a stable non-combustible component.

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Emergency Security (05.26.02)

Biotesting in assessing environmental risks on fires

Yu.N. Koval, Ph.D. of Biological Sciences
FSBEI HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

Many extinguishing agents are synthetic in origin, and when bound to combustion products when extinguishing fires can have a negative impact on the environment [1]. In order to study the qualitative effects on living organisms, the toxic effects of frothers on test objects were evaluated. As an object, the use of small duckweed is suggested It has been established that the development and growth of seedlings of test plants directly depend on the degree of toxicity of water. At this stage, the results of the experiment without special expensive equipment.

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On evaluation of consequences from emergency situations caused by accidents with explosion of petrol cartoons on roads

D.V. Sedov1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; R.G. Shubkin2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences
1Irkutsk National Research Technical University;
2East-Siberian Institute of the MIA of Russia

In the article, the authors consider the possibility of establishing damage from an emergency caused by a traffic accident with a fuel truck using the theory of risks.

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Rapid detection of contamination of the surfaces of objects by aggressive chemicals and uranium compounds

V.А. Pashinin1, Doctor of Technical Sciences; P.N. Kosyrev1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; I.Y. Sergeev2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences
1All-Russian Research Institute for Civil Defense and Emergencies;
2FSBEI HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

Нazardous substances with the help of a modular type portable rapid-type chemical rapid laboratory (PCL MT). PCL MT is developed as part of three similar modules: a module for detecting aggressive chemicals, a module for detecting uranium compounds and a module with simulation formulations.

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Informatics, Computer Science and Management

Regressionnyy analysis of the temporary row amount in Russia

I.A. Kaibichev1, Doctor in Physical and Mathematic Sciences; E.I. Kaibicheva2, Ph.D. of Economic Sciences
1The Ural Institute of State Firefighting Service of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense;
2The Ural State University of Economics

The considered possibilities to aproximations of the temporary row amount fire in Russia for 2001-2017 most often used mathematical function.

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Straight and reverse pump-hose systems computation methods

O.S. Malyutin; S.A. Vasilev, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; P.A. Osavelyuk, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The paper provides an overview of different pump-hose systems computation methods in fire service. Emphasis is placed on approximation features of using methods. Declared concepts of straight and reverse pump-hose systems computation methods. Marks specific for each of them pros and cons. Making detailed overview of straight computation method and taking comparative analyze of complex pump-hose systems computation with different methods results. Especially marked pump-hose correct calculation practice significance from point of view of its effective construction and safety work. In the end of paper making conclusion about special software for pump-hose systems computation based on described methods development necessity and although about necessity to pay attention for correct construction and computation of them during fire service employee professional education process.

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Settlement definition of area of normative service of fire departments in the territory of the city of Krasnoyars

A. A. Melnik, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; A.V. Antonov, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; N.V Martinovich; O.S. Malyutin
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article describes the process of creating an information system for calculating the areas of normative service time of fire departments. A description of the calculation method is given. The base of normative and guiding documentation in this area is given. The main stages of calculations which are further transferred to the algorithm of work with the information system are listed. The article describes the choice of cartographic basis and placement of fire units, the order and features of determining the boundary speeds of fire units. The main results of the work are given. In conclusion, the main directions of application of the information system are listed. It is concluded that the results may be of interest to the management of fire departments and the need for further development of the described system.

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The study of prospective safety hazards

A.P. Savin, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences, docent; S.P. Cherniy, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences, docent
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The study of prospective safety hazards is primarily associated with information technology, and as a result with virtual reality. Nanotechnologies are increasingly entering our life; the question of their danger naturally arises. The advent of artificial intelligence, artificial consciousness, 3D-printers, laser devices, and robotics will change our lives in the future. They bring us dangers that we haven’t known yet.

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Pedagogical sciences