№ 16 (27.03.2020)

The journal contains the following thematic sections (headings) that correspond to the Nomenclature of scientific specialties, approved by the Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia No. 59, dated February 25, 2009 (as amended and supplemented):

The journal reviews and accepts articles on the specific topics:

Articles:

Cover, editorial advice, content

Fire and industrial safety (05.26.03)

On the heat impulse propagation velocity for the nonlinear problem of heat conductivity of combustion products in the fire

A.A. Kuzmin, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Docent; N.N. Romanov, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; A.A. Permyakov, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences
Saint-Petersburg university of State fire service of EMERCOM of Russia

We analyzed properties of combustion products in a fire on the base of the basic principles of the heat conduction phenomenological theory. The conditions of taking into account the nonlinearity of the transfer process in solving the energy equation are investigated. We formulated boundary conditions for solving a quasilinear parabolic heat equation taking into account the influence of convective heat and mass transfer processes. The obtained solution is analyzed and the necessary conclusions on the heat impulse propagation in the combustion products are made, in case that they are represented by a non-Newtonian fluid.

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Analysis of safety barriers in the fi re safety system of petroleum and petroleum products warehouses

G.S. Duplyakov; M.V. Elfimova, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, associate professor; A.N. Baturo, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences
FSBEI HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article assesses the significance of petroleum and petroleum product warehouses facilities in the statistics of fire and explosion in the petroleum industry of the Russian Federation. Presented

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Toolkit for analyzing the data of professional adaptation of cadets and young specialists of institutions of the Ministry of Emergencies

O.Ya. Emelyanova1, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Docent; S.V. Efimov2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; V.S. Samsonov3, Ph.D. of Economic Sciences, Docent; I.V. Shershen1, Ph.D. of Economic Sciences, Docent
1Voronezh state University,
2Voronezh Institute of the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia,
3Voronezh branch of the Federal state budgetary educational institution of higher education “Russian Academy of national economy and public administration under the President of the Russian Federation”

The article considers the possibilities of using an electronic personal account of cadets and, subsequently, young specialists to accompany the process of professional adaptation in institutions subordinate to the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia. It was proposed to support the professional career of graduates, in contrast to the traditional approach, through electronic personal accounts. In the IP cabinet, which plays the role of a portfolio, analytics of the student’s success will be reflected, and then the stages of his professional growth as a young specialist in the Ministry of Emergencies. Placing information in the office on the basis of periodic professional testing or introducing new requirements for education and working conditions will allow young people to quickly solve professional tasks at all stages of their career. The introduction of additional functions into the structure of the student’s electronic personal account will allow young people to plan and manage their professional careers at all stages, receive timely information on innovations in the conditions of work, assess the current state of their own professional competence, which will positively affect professional adaptation.

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Features of determining the toxicity of combustion products of building materials

E.V. Chernushevich; P.V. Shirinkin, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

This article presents data on the number and causes of deaths during fires in the Russian Federation. The composition of toxic substances in the air during a fire, the conditions and sources of their occurrence, and their negative impact on the human body, are analyzed. Represented the analysis of methods for determining the toxicity index of the products of combustion products of materials, taking into account their changes. Shortcomings and main directions of improving the determination of toxicity indicators of building and finishing materials are noted.

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Experimental exercise of ceramic products as a pledge for exclusion of emergencies

A.A. Kovel1, Holder of an Advanced Doctorate in Engineering Sciences, Full Professor; S.V. Babenyshev1, Ph.D. of Physico-mathematical Sciences; S.E. Tinyakov2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; E.S. Tinyakov2
1FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia,
2Ltd. «Agro – industrial company «PaK» Zheleznogorsk, Russia

The article sets out a methodology for checking those properties of construction ceramic elements that directly affect the strength and durability of structures, and whose degradation can lead to emergencies. The indicated approach, based on the mathematical theory of experimental design, provides an effective, statistically valid estimate of the residual strength of ceramic products while taking into account the influence of environmental and technological factors. The methods described in the article on the assessment of the biological resistance of ceramic products are partially covered by Russian and Eurasian patents.

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Prospects for using heavy drones during fire fighting and rescue operations

M.R. Shavalee, Ph.D. of Chemical Sciences; M.P. Dalkov, Holder of an Advanced Doctorate in Geographic Sciences, Full Professor; D.V. Sherin; Ya.S. Ermolov; A.A. Karapuzikov
Ural Institute of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia

The article discusses the problems of extinguishing fires and conducting rescue operations at heights. The use of AERONES heavy drone was proposed as one of the ways to solve this problem. The functions of heavy drones are described and comparative calculations of the ladder, articulated boom and cargo drone are carried out.

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Analysis of occurrence of accidents, followed by fi re and explosion in the warehouses of petroleum and petroleum products

G.S. Duplyakov1; M.V. Elfimova1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; A.V. Peshkov2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent
1Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy of Firefighting Service of EMERCOM of Russia,
2Ural State Fire Service Institute of Emercom of Russia

The article assesses the current state of fire and explosion safety of oil industry facilities in the Russian Federation. The results of the analysis of the sequence of development of the accident, accompanied by the occurrence of fires and explosions, at the facilities of oil and petroleum products warehouses (hereinafter Snin).

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Modeling the process of professional adaptation of cadets and young specialists in institutions of the Ministry of Emergencies

O.Ya. Emelyanova1, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Docent; S.V. Efimov2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; M.A. Kravets1, Ph.D. of Physico-mathematical Sciences, Docent; V.S. Samsonov3, Ph.D. of Economic Sciences, Docent; I.V. Shershen1, Ph.D. of Economic Sciences, Docent
1Voronezh state University,
2Voronezh Institute of the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia,
3Voronezh branch of the Federal state budgetary educational institution of higher education “Russian Academy of national economy and public administration under the President of the Russian Federation”

The article considers the issue of developing and testing a model of professional adaptation of cadets and young specialists in institutions subordinate to the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia. When organizing the process of professional adaptation at the level of universities of the Ministry of Emergencies, it is necessary to intensify the educational and professional activities of cadets in the educational process; creating conditions for the formation of professionally significant characteristics (special knowledge and personal qualities) of students, including a special organizational culture at the university, conducting focused educational work, developing methodological support for the adaptation process for all stages of training and postgraduate education. Maintenance of the model and control over its testing should be carried out by the design team, which includes employees of the department of educational work, psychological support and personnel.

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Fire hazard of facade systems used in buildings’ insulation

O.A. Mokrousova1, Holder of an Advanced Doctorate in Pedagogic Sciences, Docent; S.V. Sharhun1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; P.V. Shirinkin2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent
1 Ural Institute of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia,
2 FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article considers the fire hazard features of hinged ventilated facades and plaster systems of external facades’ insulation, as well as gross violations of fire safety requirements that are permitted when installing facade systems. The design solutions that increase the fire safety of facade systems are to be described therein.

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Emergency Security (05.26.02)

About program core of fi refi ghting actions dynamic modeling system

O.S. Malyutin
FSBEI HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

In this paper described software for firefighting actions dynamic modeling system development. A brief description of the existing fire examination system and its development trends with the introduction of modern computer technologies is given. Definitions of object-information model and modeling of firefighting actions are given. Pros and cons of static and dynamic modelling methods is marked. As a tool for dynamic modelling offers special software development and provides structure and principles of program core development for such solution. Describes proposed development patterns and work algorithms. Showed examples of program core usage for dynamic computer modelling in object-oriented models. In conclusion, examples of the use of the proposed system are given.

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Mathematical modeling of dosimetric control systems

I.Y. Sergeev1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; S.A. Garelina2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; K.P. Latyshenko2, Holder of an Advanced Doctorate in Engineering Sciences; N.P. Valuev2, Holder of an Advanced Doctorate in Engineering Sciences
1FSBEI HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia,
2FSBМEI HE Academy of Civil Protection of the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia

The article presents the results of mathematical modeling of dosimetric control systems. On the basis of mathematical model the estimation of parameters of systems is carried out and optimum decisions are proved. Mathematical models of metrological characteristics (sensitivity, error) of direct and differential measurement systems are obtained. The use of differential measurement systems is preferred.

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Pedagogical sciences

Study of the professional and moral deformation of a fireman

A.P. Savin, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Docent; S.P. Cherny Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences, Docent
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article discusses the problems of professional and moral deformation of a firefighter, the conditions causing this process, the results of a study among students of SPSA.

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Modern educational approach and socialization of the person in the education system

V.V. Morozov, Ph.D. of Philosophical Sciences, Docent
FSBEI HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

This article analyzes the development of a professional educational system and essence of the modern educational approach of “developing consciousness”, that is an innovative training, which will shape future specialists’ ability to project the future, a sense of responsibility for it. Russia needs the formation of the personality of a citizen who loves his people and country. Important in the socialization of the personality of a future EMERCOM employee is sociality as the main quality of the social nature of his professional activity, integrating all other qualities and features. In modern Russia, social conditions are changing, so universities are forced to look for ways to adapt future specialists to them.

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Graduate’s competency card

N.A. Kropotova, Ph.D. of Chemical Sciences; I.A. Legkova, Ph.D. of Technical Sciences, Docent
IFRA of SFS of EMERCOM of Russia

The article is devoted to the study of the process of automated assessment of students competence to improve the quality of training of highly qualified specialists in the field of technosphere and fire safety, since the entire educational process implements the competence concept. The prospects of using an automated program to improve the efficiency of managing the training process using an electronic information educational environment are considered. The authors describe the concept of «Competence map of the student», and offer an automated program for displaying learning results in two forms: a table and a diagram. The results of evaluating the effectiveness of the formation of students’ competencies on the example of the discipline «Labor Protection» are presented.

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Scientifi c and methodological foundations of the educational process aimed at the development of students personality higher educational institution

L.G. Malyshevskaja, A.P. Filkova
FEDERAL STATE in Siberian fire and rescue Academy GPA EMERCOM of Russia

The article reveals the author’s vision of the organization of the educational process in terms of the use of various elements of educational technologies that contribute to the development of personality.

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