Natural simulation of personnel evacuation from the liquefied gas plant in case of fire

Boris A. Klementiev1,
Andrew V. Kalach2,
Tatiana P. Sysoeva3,
Zelimkhan B. Evloev3,
Nikolay V. Martinovich4

1Arctic LNG;
2Voronezh State Technical University, Voronezh, Russia;
3Saint-Petersburg university of State fire service of EMERCOM of Russia;
4Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

The article analyzes the current state and prospects for the development of liquefied natural gas enterprises. Particular attention is paid to assessing the sustainability of oil refineries. Emphasizes the importance of detailed elaboration and revising approaches to assessing the adequacy of the evacuation and rescue of employees of enterprises producing liquefied natural gas. The results of full-scale scenario modeling of evacuation at an enterprise for the production of liquefied natural gas are presented. Scenarios that differ in the most extended and difficult ways of evacuating people were considered as calculated ones. The evacuation process was considered as the movement of one homogeneous human flow, while the merging of flows, as well as the formation of crowds of people in any section of the evacuation routes until the critical flow density was reached, were not considered due to the significant dispersal of personnel at the facility.

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