Evaluation of the opportunity of the emergence of fires in the case of self-ignition of household materials during the production of fire and technical expertise

Evaluation of the opportunity of the emergence of fires in the case of self-ignition of household materials during the production of fire and technical expertise

Belyak А.L.1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; Dedenko M.M2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; Nazarov A.A.3
1East Siberian Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia;
2Irkutsk State University;
33FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article is devoted to the issues of self-heating of oiled fibrous and porous household materials at public catering facilities. The article shows the complexity of the investigation of the causes of fires occurred from spontaneous combustion of substances and materials during the fire and technical expertise. The article presents the results of the study of self-heating of oils of vegetable origin, previously deposited on the porous surface of household materials. Revealed that the self-ignition of vegetable oils are more prone to oils with an expired shelf life. Materials based on viscose with the addition of polyester fiber have the advantages to enhance the process of spontaneous combustion with respect to other household fibrous materials.

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