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Safety of human activities | Вверх ↑

Control and prediction of floods on the territory of the Krasnoyarsk kray through the use of neural network algorithms

Grebnev Y.V.1,Yarovoy A.V.2,3
1FSAEI HE Siberian Federal University, Institute of space and information technology
2Chief Directorate of the Emercom of Russia for the Krasnoyarsk Territory
3FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The paper presents preliminary results of the investigation of the possibility of using neural network algorithms for forecasting natural emergency situations. Natural emergencies are natural forest fires and floods. In work the basic principles of forecasting of emergency situations of natural character with use of neural networks are disassembled. A forecasting model has been developed and an efficiency estimate has been made for application within the framework of the executive authorities in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.

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Concept of formation of safety passports of territories with the use of modern information technologies

Babintsev I. V.; Nekrasov I. V.; Nicheporchuk V. V., Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences
Institute of Computational Modelling, SB RAS

This paper presents the convenience of developing passports of territories with the use of modern information technologies for data consolidation, analysis and visualization. Existing approaches are analyzed. Modernization acting methodological recommendations on keeping passports is necessity. Algorithms for the formation, actualization and use of passports on the basis of information resources intersystem and interdepartmental integration are proposed.

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Safety control system of a transport container

Pozharkova I.N.1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; Chubar A.V.1,2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; Kiselev O.I.2; Lagunov A.N.1, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences
1FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia
2FSAEI HE Siberian Federal University

Decomposition of the safety control system of a transport container is carried out. The computer model of technological process of systems of providing temperature condition and pressurization in the visual modeling environment SimInTech is constructed. The operator console allowing to control the key technological parameters of security systems of a transport container is developed.

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Assessment of influence of products of burning on staff of rescue and firefighting divisions when performing actions for suppression of the fires

Melnik A.A., Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; Antonov A.V., Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; Martinovich N.V.; Tatarkin I.N.
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

Article is devoted to a problem of ensuring personal security of staff of rescue and firefighting divisions when conducting actions for suppression of the fires and the related wrecking. Threats of influence of toxicants of the environment of the fire on health and efficiency of the person are considered. Risks of influence of monoxide of carbon on staff of rescue and firefighting divisions when performing actions for suppression of the fires are considered. The relevance of development of actions for decrease in toxic impact on staff of rescue and firefighting divisions at suppression of the fires without use of individual protection equipment of respiratory organs is proved.

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Planning and implementation of measures for wildfire prevention in the Altai-Sayan ecoregion based on anthropogenic fire hazard assessment

Andreev Y.A.1,2,holder of an Advanced Doctorate (Doctor of Science) in Engineering Sciences; Andreev A.Y.2; Bryukhanov A.V3, Ph.D. of Biological Sciences
1FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia
2FSAEI HE Siberian Federal University
3V.N. Sukachev Institute of Forest SB RAS – separate subdivision of the FRS KSC SB RAS

Specificity and distribution of protected areas of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion by the level of human-caused fire hazard were described. Fire prevention complexes were proposed for different levels of fire hazard.

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Transition processes in electrical circuits – the possible consequences and mathematical description

Kovel A.A., holder of an Advanced Doctorate (Doctor of Science) in Engineering Sciences; Babenyshev S.V., Ph.D. of Physico-mathematical Sciences; Materov E.N., Ph.D. of Physico-mathematical Sciences
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The classical method of description of transition processes arises from the solution of differential equations, which requires the introduction of the concepts of forced and free modes, causing difficulties in the physical interpretation. The considered approach comes only from the physics of processes and does not require the introduction of these concepts which yields to similar results using a simpler mathematical machinery.

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Informatics, Computer Science and Management | Вверх ↑










Information Decision Support System units EMERCOM of Russia under the threat of wildfires

V.S. Komorovsky, Candidate of Engineering Sciences
Siberian State Technological University

The development of decision support system for wildfire threat cases is considered. The information system has been developed for crisis management departments of Russia Emercom.

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Computer modeling of fire and evacuation in the paradigm of BIM

E.S. Kirik, Candidate of Physico-Mathematical Sciences
Institute of Computational Modelling, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Application of modeling of development of the fire and evacuation in the context of modern editions FZ-123 «Technical regulations about requirements of fire safety» and the Order of 382 Ministries of Emergency Situations of the Russian Federation from 6/30/2009 is considered. The tool for performance of computer modeling of development of the fire and evacuation realizing a BIM paradigm is presented.

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The main criteria for the actual load reduction on the part of the inspector’s department of supervisory activities on the GPS EMERCOM of Russia Fire Supervision

N.V. Martinovich; A.V. Antonov, Candidate of Engineering Sciences; I.N. Tatarkin
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article describes the main tasks and functions of the personnel of the state fire supervision. Analyzed, proposed and substantiated the main ways of reducing the burden on the staff of the state fire supervision.

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Information Management Software natural and technogenic safety

V.V. Nicheporchuk, Candidate of Engineering Sciences
Institute of Computational Modelling, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

This paper presents the applied aspects of risk assessment and control of the emergencies and crisis situations based on the comprehensive data monitoring. The processes of consolidation and application of information resources for risk management are considered. The results of implementation of automated system in the Center of Emergency Monitoring and Prediction of Krasnoyarsk Region are described in the paper.

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Pedagogical sciences | Вверх ↑










The scientific and methodological support for propaganda and fire safety education. The results of the implementation in the 2015-2016 academic year

O.Y. Melnik, Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article presents the scientific and methodical support for propaganda and fire safety education of the children of preschool and younger school age and the experience of their application in practical activities in the 2015 -2016 academic year.

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Pedagogical issues of forming students’ safe behavior considering contemporary risks

A.P. Savin, Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences, Docen; S.P. Cherniy, Candidate of Pedagogic Sciences, Docent
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

It is stated that people nowadays don’t have safety and health ensuring instincts to protect them from quite new hazards for the society as well as don’t have time to learn from their own mistakes. A cohesive and goal-oriented activity of the educational system in forming students’ safe behavior culture is considered. The most significant discrepancies, issues, and ways of organizing pedagogical activities to provide conditions of forming efficient safe behavior skills are analyzed.

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