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The journal contains the following thematic sections (headings) that correspond to the Nomenclature of scientific specialties, approved by the Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia No. 59, dated February 25, 2009 (as amended and supplemented):

The journal reviews and accepts articles on the specific topics:

Articles:

Cover, editorial advice, content

Fire and industrial safety (05.26.03)

Assessment center as a method of assessing the level of professional adaptation and training of cadets of educational organizations state fire service of the ministry of the Russian Federation

Efimov S.V.1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; Sibirko M.A.2, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences
1 Voronezh Institute of High Technologies
2 Voronezh Institute of the Ministry of internal Affairs of the Russian Federation

The paper contains an analysis of the possibilities of using professionally significant qualities assessment based on the assessment center method in the course of training with the use of training complexes in the professional selection, adaptation and training of cadets of educational organizations of the Ministry of emergency situations of Russia. An algorithm for conducting an assessment center to assess the professional adaptation of cadets of educational organizations of the Ministry of emergency situations of Russia is proposed. It is shown that one of the most important directions of training cadets and trainees as gas and smoke protectors is the introduction of new training complexes and their active use in the educational process.

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Investigation of the linear velocity of flame propagation over the surface of some flammable liquids

Dudareva V.I.1; Chuvashova D.A.1; Onuchina O.A.1; Zakharenko A.A.1; Shubin A.A.2; Ph.D. of Chemical Sciences, Docent
1 Siberian Federal University
2 Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The linear velocity of flame propagation over the surface of highly flammable liquids is one of the most important indicators of fire hazard. In this paper, vL was experimentally determined for aqueous solutions of acetone, 1-propanol, and 2-propanol. It is shown that with a decrease in the concentration of HFL in the solution, the vL decreases. A direct correlation was also established between the measured values of vL of acetone, 1-propanol and 2-propanol and their ignition temperatures.

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Development of algorithms for establishing basic fire safety requirements for production and storage facilities and buildings

Kargashilov D.V.1,2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; Ivanova I.A.1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; Sushko E. A.1, Ph.D. of Technical Sciences, Docent; Parshina A.P.1
1 Voronezh State Technical University
2 Voronezh institute of Advanced Training of Employees of the EMERCOM of Russia

The article presents algorithms for establishing the basic fire safety requirements for production and storage facilities and buildings, depending on their classification by explosion and fire hazard. One of the proposed algorithms was tested, namely, the task was solved to establish the basic fire safety requirements for the premises where it is planned to organize production. Variants of further application of the proposed algorithms in the practical work of organizations and specialists solving issues in the field of fire safety at the stage of design and operation of protected objects are considered.

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Investigation of the effect of flue gases of non-heat-intensive furnaces on chimneys made of asbestos cement pipes

Abdulaev R.R.; Taratanov N.A., Ph.D. of Chemical Sciences; Karasev E.V.
Ivanovo Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

Reliable establishment of a set of factual data on the mechanism of the occurrence and development of gorenje is a necessary starting point for the qualification of the crime and the identification of the perpetrators. An official of a Forensic Expert Institution of the Federal Fire Service “Test Fire Laboratory” of the EMERCOM of Russia (FEI FFS TFL), when working out various versions of a fire, should not consider the version of the occurrence of a fire from heating, unfounded, relying only on his many years of experience and the theoretical possibility of what is happening. In this case, an employee or employee of the FEI FFS TFL must be based on more fundamental methods and techniques for determining the cause of the occurrence with the subsequent development and spread of the fire. This article discusses the possibility of using mathematical calculation methods for the purposes of forensic fire and technical expertise on the example of a specific fire that occurred in a part of a residential building.

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Modeling of fire-hazardous situations in preschool institutions

Kalach A.V.1,2, Holder of an Advanced Doctorate (Doctor of Science) in Chemical Sciences, Full Professor; Vytovtov A.V.1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; Bryukhov E.N.2, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences; Kalach E.V.1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; Martinovich N.V.3
1 Voronezh State Technical University
2 Ural Institute of the State Fire Service of the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia
3 Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The situational modeling method used to describe the development of fire-hazardous situations on the territory of preschool institutions in order to optimize evacuation routes. Particular attention paid to meeting the requirements of regulatory legal documents in the field of fire safety. The proposed approach opens up the possibility of effective joint modeling of the development of fires and evacuation of people from premises. Based on the results of computational experiments, recommendations given for changing the geometric parameters of the premises of the studied objects of protection for the prompt evacuation of people in case of fire.

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Investigation of soot deposits by IR spectroscopy to detect the residual content of toxic products released during a fire

Serzhinmaa A.A.1, Shirinkin P.V.1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent, Korovchenko A.V.2, Ahmetshin I.F.2
1 Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia
2Forensic expert organization Federal Fire Service № 93 «fire testing laboratory» оf Emergencies of Russia

The article presents statistical data on the main indicators of the fire situation on the territory of the Russian Federation. Analyzed toxic products of combustion in a fire and the materials from which they are released, as well as their negative impact on the human body. The results of the study of soot deposits during the burnout of interior decoration and easily changeable furnishings (furniture, decoration materials) by the method of FTIR spectroscopy.

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Development of measures to increase the resistance of composite materials to heat flow to prevent fires and environmental emergencies

Anosova E.B.1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; Lyashenko S.M.1, Ph.D. of Military Sciences, Docent; Fatykhov R.R.1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; Tyutneva E.I.2; Surmilo S.V.3, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences
1 Civil Defence Academy of Emercom of Russia
2LLC «Concept tree»
3Saint-Petersburg university of State fire service of EMERCOM of Russia

The woodworking industry is one of the most waste-forming, while these wastes are secondary wood resources, but at the same time they have a significant disadvantage: they belong to the group of combustibility flammable materials.

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Problematic issues of researching the initial stage of thermal decomposition of modern decoration building materials

Makarova T.P.
Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article reviews several studies confirming the release of toxic and fire hazardous compounds at the initial stage of thermal decomposition of some polymer materials used in construction. This article identifies the main problems arising in the study of the complex process of thermal destruction. The analysis of existing methods of thermal analysis was also carried out, allowing to study the products of thermal destruction of decoration building materials. The necessity of developing a method for assessing their fire hazardous properties is revealed.

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Emergency Security (05.26.02)

New approaches in estimation the risks to human health when the atmosphere is polluted with nitrogen dioxide

Ivanov A.R. Ph.D. of Chemical Sciences
Saint Petersburg State University industrial technology and design

An attempt has been made to establish a relationship between the incidence of the population of one of the central districts of St. Petersburg with upper respiratory tract disorders and nitrogen dioxide concentrations in street air in 2006-2012. The factor analysis was applied. The ultimate goal of the study was to obtain the mathematical interdependence of these indicators. To achieve this, methods were taken from the concept of risk. As a result, the loss of life expectancy under the influence of this harmful factor in two different groups of the population: smokers and no-smokers was calculated. The risk values obtained were compared with the corresponding literature data for the cities of the Russian Federation for the previous 20 years.

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Analyzing incidents on water bodies in the Sverdlovsk region and the role of the state inspectorate for small vessels in preventive activity

Basharov V.V.1, Mogilevskaya T.E.1,2, Ph.D. of Pedagogic Sciences, docent
1 Ural Institute of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia
2Ural State Agrarian University

The scientific article deals with the problems of ensuring safety at water bodies in the Sverdlovsk region. In order to study the death rate from drowning in the Sverdlovsk region, its features and patterns, as well as an objective view of its structure and dynamics, a study of the reporting and statistical material for the period 2016-2020 was conducted. The analysis of incidents and accidents on water bodies of the region is carried out. The authors discuss the reasons for violation of safety rules on water bodies and the role of the State inspection of small vessels in preventing the occurrence of emergencies on the supervised territory. Mathematical models based on the least squares method are constructed and analyzed using an approximating line – a trend line.

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Development of the use of nonlinear dynamics methods for detecting radio signals with frequency-hopping spread spectrum used in communication channels of unmanned aerial vehicles

Gavrishev A.A.; Osipov D.L., Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent
North-Caucasus Federal University

This paper shows the development of the use of nonlinear dynamics methods for detecting radio signals with frequency-hopping spread spectrum (FHSS) used in communication channels of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Based on results from works [2; 3], modeling of the Hénon map, and its study using the Hurst exponent and BDS-statistics was carried out. It is proved that the Hénon map is an approximate model of radio signals with FHSS. The results obtained, as well as the results from the works [4; 5], are of great practical importance, since they prove that the use of nonlinear dynamics methods, with appropriate adaptation, as radio frequency methods, will allow, along with other approaches to UAV detection, in the future to create a sufficiently effective system for detecting and countering UAVs.

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Prospects for the use of unmanned aerial vehicles during investigation of fires at oil and gas complex facilities

Davidenko A.S.1; Sharapov S.V.1, Holder of an Advanced Doctorate (Doctor of Science) in Engineering Sciences, Full Professor; Kalach A.V.2 Holder of an Advanced Doctorate (Doctor of
Science) in Chemical Sciences, Full Professor; Martinovich N.V.3

1 Saint-Petersburg University of State Fire Service of Emercom of Russia
2Voronezh State Technical University
3Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article presents the results of analysis and synthesis of data on the use of unmanned aerial vehicles in monitoring objects. Special attention is paid to assessment of the current state of use of opportunities of pilotless aviation systems on various productions and industries and the predicted values of cumulative average annual growth rate of sales of pilotless aviation systems in the world. It was concluded that the development of unmanned aircraft systems in the investigation of fires at oil and gas facilities is applicable and promising.

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Analysis of approaches to solving risk assessment tasks within the framework of modern concepts

Sergeev I.Y.1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; Molotkov Y.I.2, Holder of an Advanced Doctorate (Doctor of Science) in Engineering Sciences; Martinovich И.V.1; Shkaberina T.V.1; Byshmakin A.A.1
1 Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia
2The Siberian Institute of Management- branch of «Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration»

The work is devoted to the application of modern approaches in assessing the security of territories from man-made threats, taking into account their regional characteristics. When solving practical tasks of ensuring the security of the territory, a system of monitoring and control of possible man-made emergencies is needed, as well as the collection and analysis of objective data on possible threats and parameters of emergency situations. The formation of the monitoring system is based on a scientific and methodological apparatus, which allows for the gradual construction of the system to determine its components and elements that take into account the threats of emergencies. The article presents the result of the analysis of the subject area, considers various approaches to assessing the state of emergency protection both in Russia and abroad. The article considers the tendency to change approaches in ensuring the security of the territory, which consists in shifting the emphasis on preventive impact, i.e. management of the most dangerous risks of the territory, by improving methods and approaches in assessing territorial risks. The analysis of the studied object and its specifics is carried out for the possibility of applying the fuzzy set theory approach to solving risk assessment problems within the framework of modern concepts of critical infrastructure viability. It is determined that one of the possible solutions to the risk assessment problem may be the development of a comprehensive methodology using fuzzy logic tools based on the Harrington desirability function.

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Application of digital twins for risk assessment and management

Baturo A.N.1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; Nicheporchuk V.V.2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; Butuzov S.U.3, Holder of an Advanced Doctorate (Doctor of Science) in Engineering Sciences, Docent
1 Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia
2Institute of Computational Modeling SB RAS
3SFA of EMERCOM of Russia

A “end-to-end” method for assessing territorial risks is presented, including the processing of monitoring data, presentation of results for different levels of management, and the formation of recommendations for conducting preventive measures. In contrast to the well-known methods of assessment, which are fragmented, the proposed approach provides for a closed cycle of development, implementation and control of the effectiveness of decisions. The use of heterogeneous information resources with the possibility of processing them by different technologies is realized due to the original organization of data consolidation and storage. Practical testing of the method was carried out for the basic risks of the territories of Siberia.

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Analysis of factors influencing the choice and justification of a rational way of recruiting civil protection units by citizens staying in reserve (on the example of the Republic of Kazakhstan)

Kondratiev E.B.; Mazanik A.I., Holder of an Advanced Doctorate (Doctor of Science) in Military Sciences, Full Professor; Freidenberg A.G.; Veselov A.V.
Civil Defence Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The article analyzes the normative legal acts that reveal the main provisions that determine the procedure for bringing civil protection units in readiness to act as intended. Analyzed the reporting materials on the results of the command-staff exercises and trainings with the formations of civil protection. The experience of the Republic of Kazakhstan in alerting civil protection units involved in carrying out tasks to mitigate the consequences of a pandemic when a state of emergency is declared throughout the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan is highlighted. A problematic situation has been identified in the field of ensuring the required level of readiness of civil protection units to perform tasks for their intended purpose. Based on the analysis of possible ways to resolve the problem situation, a contradiction in the practice of the subject area under consideration is formulated and a scientific hypothesis for its resolution is proposed. The factors that should be taken into account when solving the scientific task of developing a scientific and methodological apparatus for substantiating a rational way of recruiting civil protection units are identified and systematized.

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Analysis of fire and technosphere safety of the urban environment of Krasnoyarsk using geospatial tools

Babenyshev S.V., Ph.D. of Physico-mathematical Sciences; Malyutin O.S.; Materov E.N., Ph.D. of Physico-mathematical Sciences, Elfimova M.V. Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences Docent
Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The paper discusses the possibilities of the application of modern open geoinformation tools to the analysis of geographical data in some topics of technosphere and fire safety. In particular, in matters related to the assessment of the reachability zones of socially significant objects, the evaluation of the impact of building density on the distribution of fires, as well as the analysis of sources of fire-fighting water supply in the urban environment. The main calculations were performed using the R programming language. The tools used can be useful for planning surveillance activities, as well as for assessing the forces and means of garrisons for organizing fire extinguishing. The results given in the paper are obtained for the city of Krasnoyarsk, however, similar approaches can be used for analysis and visualization of a similar kind for any settlement of the Russian Federation.

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Informatics, Computer Science and Management

On the issue of identifying trends and patterns of death and injury of minors in fires

Iskalin V.I., Ph.D. of Chemical Sciences; Domrachev K.V.; Tuz N. V.; Klochkov P.V.
VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia

The article considers the question of whether there is a connection between the deaths and injuries of minors in fires with how the population of the region lives and how it is managed. The quality of life of the population of the region is displayed through a set of indicators of the quality of life, and the quality of management is displayed through a group of indicators of preventive measures aimed at reducing the death and injury of minors in fires. Indicators of death and injury of minors are presented as output variables associated with input variables: indicators of quality of life and indicators of preventive measures.

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Development of innovative activity in the field of fire safety at present stage

Petyhova M.V.1, Ph.D. of Historical Sciences, Docent; Martinovich N.V.2; Vlasenko E.I.2; Smirnova V.A.2; Tatarkin I.N.1
1 Academy EMERCOM of Russia
2Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia

The presented work is devoted to the development of the concept of strategic development, scientific and practical recommendations for improving the process of innovation activities in the field of fire safety taking into account current trends in the development of society as a whole, and individual areas of science and technology. The article gives a general analysis of trends in the development of society under the conditions of a new technological way, shows changes in society and approaches in the organization of innovation activities at the state level observed in the world, the role of innovative development and digital modernization of various spheres of human activity in ensuring national security of states. It is shown that the development of society in a new technological mode shifts the emphasis in the innovation process, from purely technical to the socio-humanitarian fields of knowledge. This shift is due to the specifics of the new technological order, more active implementation of new cyber-physical systems under development, increasing interdisciplinary relationships and the active influence of new technologies of Industry 4.0 class on the cognitive, logical and socio-cultural aspects of human life. In the process of work the conceptual apparatus related to the innovation process is considered, different approaches to the study of the innovation process are considered.

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