Cвидетельство о регистрации СМИ Эл № ФС77-65282 от 12 апреля 2016 г. / ISSN 2500-4026
Журнал включен в Перечень рецензируемых научных изданий ВАК по научным специальностям: 05.26.02, 05.26.03
The journal contains the following thematic sections (headings) that correspond to the Nomenclature of scientific specialties, approved by the Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia No. 59, dated February 25, 2009 (as amended and supplemented):
Minkin A.N.1,2 Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent; Pozharkova I.N.1 Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent
1FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia;
2FSAEE HE Siberian Federal University
The article is devoted to the study of fire-prevention barriers efficiency of fire-prevention zone based on fire hazard dynamics simulation in Pyrosim software environment. The work considers the existing design of fire-prevention barriers, their advantages and disadvantages. Described is a high-efficiency and high-economy fire-prevention barrier enabling to protect a fire-prevention zone with full tightness. The results of modeling of various fire protection variants in Pyrosim software environment are presented, as well as their analysis.
Vasilyev A.V., Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; Kondratyeva L.V.
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy of Firefighting Service of EMERCOM of Russia
The article provides an overview of literary materials related to explosions and fires at the reprocessing plants and caused by the formation, accumulation and uncontrolled decomposition of traces of tributyl phosphate-based extractant (TBP). The reason for such explosions was the presence in the extractant of its decomposition products — dibutyl phosphoric and monobutyl phosphoric acids (DBP and MBP). To date, the effect of DBP and MBP on the flash and ignition temperatures of an extractant based on TBP has not been determined. The article presents the method of hydrolysis of TBP for accumulation of DBP and MBP in the extractant. The process of measuring the flash point temperature and ignition point temperature of a pure extractant and extractant with different contents of DBP and MBP is described. The dependence of changes the flash point temperature and ignition point temperature on the different contents of DBP and MBP in TBP is shown.
Belyak А.L.1, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; Dedenko M.M2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; Nazarov A.A.3
1East Siberian Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia;
2Irkutsk State University;
33FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia
The article is devoted to the issues of self-heating of oiled fibrous and porous household materials at public catering facilities. The article shows the complexity of the investigation of the causes of fires occurred from spontaneous combustion of substances and materials during the fire and technical expertise. The article presents the results of the study of self-heating of oils of vegetable origin, previously deposited on the porous surface of household materials. Revealed that the self-ignition of vegetable oils are more prone to oils with an expired shelf life. Materials based on viscose with the addition of polyester fiber have the advantages to enhance the process of spontaneous combustion with respect to other household fibrous materials.
Zuev R.V1; Itkina S.I.2; Savosko S.V.3
1Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy of Firefighting Service of EMERCOM of Russia;
2FSBI «Forensic expert organization Federal Fire Service «Fire testing laboratory» in the Krasnoyarsk Territory»;
3Saint-Petersburg University of state fi re service of EMERCOM of Russia
The article describes the process of recreating the real physical environment of a dwelling and creating conditions for a fire as a result of an emergency fire hazardous operation of the electrical network and electrical equipment. The models of fire occurrence were created on the basis of practical experience in the study of real fires by specialists of the forensic institution of the FPS IPL in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, together with employees of the Main Directorate of the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. The experiments carried out made it possible to reliably assess the incendiary ability of these fire hazardous phenomena, the peculiarities of the occurrence of combustion and the development of a fire due to them. The work carried out made it possible to create videos with the purpose of a visual demonstration to the population of how domestic fires can start and what consequences they can lead to. The videos were shown in early 2020 on television in the Krasnoyarsk Territory and were posted on the Internet on the popular video hosting «YouTube».
The «Respirator» State Scientific Research Institute of Mine-rescue Work, Fire Safety and Civil Protection of the Ministry of the Donetsk People’s Republic for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters
The relevance of monitoring and control of the mine environment during elimination of fires at the mining enterprises has been presented. The investigation results of the temperature field in the mine working of the coal mine in the vicinity of the seat of fire have been presented. It has been established that if the temperature behind the seat of fire does not depend much on the temperature diffusivity coefficient, then the length of the temperature «plume» before the seat of fire substantially depends on it. The dependence of the distribution of relative temperatures in front of and behind the seat of fire in the mine working of a coal mine has been presented. According to the proposed methodology it is possible to find the distribution of temperatures along the entire length of the mine working with a seat of fire. The further promising areas of theoretical and experimental studies of the unsteady distribution of fire gases along the length and cross section of the mine workings of coal mines during the accidents have been adduced.
VoroshilovR.F.1; Murashkevich E.A.2
1FSBEI HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia;
2Saint-Petersburg University of state fi re service of EMERCOM of Russia
The article is devoted to the features of depressurization of the fuel system of motor vehicles in conditions of low temperatures in the sharply continental climate of the Siberian region. The mechanism of destruction of fuel lines made of polymer materials as a result of reducing the elasticity of the fuel line tube under the influence of low temperatures is shown, and a method for studying the remains of the fuel line after exposure to the heat of a fire is proposed.
Baturo A.N., Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences; Martinovich N.V.; Malyutin O.S.; Zuev R.V.; Elfimova M.V., Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent
Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy of Firefighting Service of EMERCOM of Russia
The article provides data on the use of pumping and hose systems by fire and rescue units in the Siberian Federal District over the past three years. The analysis of the data is carried out and the shortcomings of the existing pumping and hose systems noted by the Main Directorates of the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia of the subjects of the Siberian Federal District from 2017 to June 2020. Based on the results of the analysis of the use of tubing systems, conclusions were drawn on the future development of these systems.
North-Caucasus Federal University
An experimental analysis of civil defense communication systems using the lower bound of KS-entropy, which is considered as an analog of the structural stealth of transmitted signals, is performed. Among the analyzed models of communication systems, models of communication systems based on chaotic signals have the highest lower bound of KS-entropy and, accordingly, the highest structural stealth. The model of a communication system with simple signals has the lowest lower bound of the KS-entropy and, accordingly, the lowest structural stealth. Model communication systems with noise-like signals has a lower bound of KS-entropy, and, correspondingly, structural stealth, much greater than the model communication systems with simple signals but less than the model of the communication system based on chaotic signals. It is established that communication systems based on chaotic signals are generally more preferable by the criterion of stealth for civil defense communication systems and can potentially find wider application in them.
Sergeev I.Y., Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences
FSBEI HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia
The article is devoted to a proposal for the organization of dynamic monitoring of the radiation situation in water areas using water transport and a highly sensitive dosimetric control system.
FSAEI HPE NCFU
Systems based on the use of emergency beacons are considered. It is noted that one of their main disadvantages is the availability of transmitted information to an outside observer. It is established that noise-like signals are used in known systems to eliminate this disadvantage. However, most of the well-known works do not pay enough attention to the issues of providing imitation protection of these systems from spoofing the transmitted data. Taking into account the work [2; 13], an imitation protection system based on the use of emergency beacons was developed. A block diagram of the developed imitation protection system is given, and the order of its functioning is described. The developed system, unlike most known systems, can be used to identify and verify the search station for the purpose of transmitting or refusing to transmit the required information to it.
Kaibichev I.A.1, Holder of an Advanced Doctorate (Doctor of Science) in Physico-mathematical Sciences, Docent; Kaibicheva E.I2, Ph.D. of Economic Sciences
1The Ural Institute of State Firefighting service of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defense;
2Ural State University of Economics
The possibilities of using Gompertz, Gompertz-Meikham, Ferhulst models to approximate the dependence of the number of deaths in the Russian Federation during fires on the age of the fire culprit are considered. It is established that this dependence is most exactly explained by the Ferhulst model.
Malyutin O.S.; Vasilev S.A., Ph.D.; CHuldum CH.V., CHabanov K.D., Rogov V.V.
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy of Firefighting Service of EMERCOM of Russia
The article presents the main results of experiments on computer simulation of fighting to extinguish a real fire and subsequent analysis of the model. The article describes the problems of using computer modeling systems in the fire protection of the Russian Federation. The article provides basic information about the use of the automated information and graphics system Graphis-Tactic for computer simulation of combat operations to extinguish fires. Describes the progress of the work and the main results obtained. A number of new tools are described for drawing up schemes for the distribution of forces and means of fire protection and studying fires. In conclusion, there are suggestions for further research into the prospects of using computer modeling in the study of fires.
Yakunin A.A.1; Lobaev I.A.2, Ph.D. of Engineering Sciences, Docent
1Main Department of EMERCOM of Russia in the Republic of Khakassia;
2SFA of EMERCOM of Russia
The effectiveness of the risk-based approach in the implementation of control and Supervisory measures in the field of fire safety depends on a reasonable ratio of costs for fire protection of objects and the amount of damage that can be caused by a possible fire, which allows you to significantly reduce and optimize the cost of fire protection of objects.
Main Department of EMERCOM of Russia in the Republic of Tyva
The article describes the problem of the effectiveness of financial costs for ensuring fire safety of objects, taking into account the presence of threats of death and injury to people at the objects and damage to the property of an economic entity that has the full right to risk them. The search for a reasonable balance between the financial cost of providing fire protection and threats of death of the property owner and another property with unconditional implementation of measures aimed at human security, can be implemented through the development of targeted fire safety systems.
Kovel A.A. Holder of an Advanced Doctorate (Doctor of Science) in Engineering Sciences, Full Professor; Gribanova O.O.
FSBEE HE Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia
The article describes the problem of laboratory work in electrical engineering in the traditional way. A black box model for restoring the physical picture of processes is considered. The advantages of conducting research in virtual space when the object of study (OS), measuring tools, influencing factors, etc. are presented are mathematical models, electrical circuits embodied on the video terminal, and measuring instruments equipped with all the functions of real OS. The laboratory computer complex of the Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy is presented.