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The journal contains the following thematic sections (headings) that correspond to the Nomenclature of scientific specialties, approved by the Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia No. 59, dated February 25, 2009 (as amended and supplemented):

The journal reviews and accepts articles on the specific topics:

Articles:

Cover, editorial advice, content

Fire and industrial safety (05.26.03)

Fire site survey features to obtain information needed to address regulatory specialization issues

Natalya V. Petrova, Sofya F. Lobova, Denis A. Lobov
Saint-Petersburg University of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Features and procedure of fire site inspection are considered in order to obtain information necessary for the production of judicial normative fire and technical expertise. A list of requested information to be provided for fire studies has been identified.

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Analysis of the fire’s dynamics in enclosed warehouses and industrial areas

Тatiana P. Makarova1, Yuri N. Bezborodov2, Maria V. Gaponenko1
1Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia
2Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

The article substantiates the relevance of research devoted to the study of the dynamics of fires in enclosed spaces of industrial and warehouse purposes. In work the analysis of features of occurrence and course of fires in the closed premises, statistical data on fires in premises of warehouse and industrial appointment, the analysis of requirements of fire safety to such premises is carried out. The necessity in development of method of control of dangerous factors of fire in industrial and warehouse premises of closed type has been revealed.

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Organizational design of the territorial fire and rescue garrison on the example of the Voronezh region

Mihail I. Arkhipov1, Nikolai E. Parashchenko2, Sergei A.Vasilev3
1Voronezh State Technical Universityб, Voronezh, Russia
2Main Directorate of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in the Voronezh Region, Voronezh, Russia
3Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

Voronezh More developed units of the State Fire Service and voluntary fire protection on the territory of the Voronezh Territorial Fire and Rescue garrison.

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Improving the method of preventing the formation of a combustible environment in the oil and gas industry based on the synthesis of fire automation and an intelligent algorithm

Denis S. Korolev1, Sergei A. Konchakov2, Aleksei S. Smirnov3, Nikolai V. Martinovich4
1Voronezh state technical university (high school), Voronezh, Russia
2Academy of the State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, Moscow, Russia
3Saint-Petersburg university of State fire service of EMERCOM of Russia, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
4Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy Emercom of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

The article considers one of the most important directions of the development of the country’s oil and gas industry, namely the transition from a raw material cluster to the processing of oxygen-containing hydrocarbons. It is noted that technological processes: pyrolysis, dehydrogenation, etc. at installations of category I and II are constantly being improved, thereby increasing their efficiency and at the same time the level of explosion hazard. The authors of the article analyzed the fire hazard, identified the most characteristic ignition sources, the combustible medium and proposed a predictive concept that allows us to establish the probability of uncontrolled combustion during pyrolysis and smoldering of polymers, synthetic materials. Gorenjesus, the authors of the article, conducted a fire hazard analysis, identified the most characteristic ignition sources, the combustible medium and proposed a predictive concept that allows us to establish the probability of uncontrolled combustion during pyrolysis and smoldering of polymers, synthetic materials. This approach is implemented using an intelligent algorithm for processing consolidated information from an integrated system of gas analyzers and automatic fire alarm.

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General principles of explosion-proof drying processes

Andrey N. Minkin1,2, Elena V. Musiyachenko1, Dmitriy A. Edimichev1, Alina V. Feoktistova1
1Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
2Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

If the state of explosion safety of technological processes of drying plants is violated, there is a high probability of an explosion, causing significant destruction and material damage. To solve this problem, it is proposed to use three principles: exclusion of the possibility of the formation of suspension combustion; prevention of the occurrence of heat sources capable of initiating combustion; the use of passive or active explosion proofing systems capable of localizing an explosion within the apparatus.

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Justification for reducing the fire hazard of the production process, taking into account the choice of SPS fire detectors

Dmitry V. Kargashilov1,2, Irina A. Ivanova1, Elena A. Sushko1, Anastasiya P. Parshina1
1Voronezh State Technical University, Voronezh, Russia
2Voronezh institute of Advanced Training of Employees of the EMERCOM of Russia, Voronezh, Russia

The article proposes and justifies a way to reduce the fire hazard of technological processes, as well as production in general, by selecting fire detectors of the ATP, taking into account the fire hazard indicators of substances and materials used in production. An example of the selection of the type of fire detectors based on the characteristics of combustible loads, taking into account the fire factors that directly affect the time of their operation from the start of the fire. To solve the problem in the example, certain analytical equations of the integral model of the development of fire hazards in the room were selected.

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Online technologies for risk category of subject of protection at federal state fire supervision

Gleb Yu. Yurkin1,2, Ivan Yu.Sergeev1, Roman G. Shubkin1
1Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia
2Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

The article describes a designed online calculator for subject of protection ranking of risk category. A new method of ranking of objects is analyzed and the choice of technology is justified. The calculation of the risk category is demonstrated step by step.

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On the need to clarify the hydraulic characteristics coming to the subdivisions of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia new fire hoses

Vitaly P. Maly, Sergey.O. Kurtov, Vyacheslav Yu. Yarovoy
Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

The article describes the results of research related to the formulation and search for ways to solve the problem of eliminating the significant uncertainty of the hydraulic characteristics of new fire hoses entering the units of the Ministry of Emergency Situations. The order of scatteringof reference data of hydraulic parameters of fire hoses given in official sources is estimated. It is shown that the lack of accurate data does not allow to effectively use the calculation models of pump-hose systems developed at the Academy. To get out of the situation, it is proposed to create an “Experimental research installation for measuring the thermohydraulic characteristics of the elements of the water supply path to the fire site”.

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Emergency Security (05.26.02)

Experience of involvement of public associations and other non-profit organizations in activities in the field of protection of the population and territories from emergency situations on the example of the Voronezh region

Nikolai S. Shimon1,2, Andrei V. Kalach2,3, Denis I. Sotnikov2, Olga N. Orlova4, Nikolai V. Martinovich3
1Civil defense, public protection and fire safety of the Voronezh region, Voronezh, Russia
2Voronezh State Technical University, Voronezh, Russia
3Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia
4SFA of EMERCOM of Russia, Moscow, Russia

Data on the experience of involving public associations and other non-profit organizations in activities in the field of protection of the population and territories from emergencies in the Voronezh region are presented. Special attention is paid to the issue of the effectiveness of existing public organizations (associations) whose statutory activities include emergency rescue operations (search and rescue).

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The calculated model of the social effect when notifying the population about the threat of dangerous weather conditions

Stanislav Yu. Butuzov1, Denis A. Berezhnoy1, Galina M. Boiko2
1Academy of the State Fire Service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia, Moscow, Russia
2Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

The paper considers the author’s methods of calculating the social effect that occurs when notifying the population about the threat of emergency situations (emergencies) caused by dangerous weather conditions to ensure the necessary level of security, including on the territory of the Republic of Crimea. To calculate the social effect when notifying the population about the threat of an emergency caused by dangerous weather conditions, a regression analysis method was used. The article proposes criteria that affect the social effect when notifying the population about the threat of an emergency. The weight values of the criteria are determined by the hierarchy analysis method. It is proposed to determine the indicators of the criteria by conducting a social experiment. A mathematical model is presented for assessing the effectiveness of the social effect when notifying the population about the threat of an emergency and the occurrence of emergencies caused by dangerous and unfavorable events based on regression analysis.

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Development of a model of the state of a potentially dangerous object in the Arctic territory of the Krasnoyarsk Territory

Yaroslav Vladimirovich Grebnev1,2, Dinara Ildarovna Shagidulina1, Alexander Konstantovich Moskalev1, Petr Alekseevich Osaveluk3, Alexander Viktorovich Antonov2,3
1Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
2Russian Emergencies Ministry for the Krasnoyarsk Territory, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
3Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

The territory of the Arctic every year is exposed to an increasing impact on the ecosystem due to the intensification of resource development. Active development of resources leads to an increase in the number of industrial facilities and stationary fuel storage facilities, many of which have already exhausted their design service life and the service life of these technosphere facilities is being extended. As the practice of accidents for 2020 at fuel storage facilities in the Arctic shows, monitoring of the state of these facilities is poorly organized due to the considerable remoteness and difficult weather conditions, as evidenced by numerous violations and emerging emergencies. It is necessary at a faster pace to create integrated security systems based on modern methods of monitoring and predicting risks in order to prevent accidents and prevent emergencies in the Arctic zone. In this paper, based on an analysis of emergency situations that arose in 2020 in the Arctic zone of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, the development of events was simulated during an emergency spill of oil products at a tank farm. An assessment was made of the area of oil spills on land and in a reservoir. To simulate an emergency, the Toxy + risk software product was used, and the neural network forecasting technique using the Scikit-Learn library in the Python programming language.

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Ranking methods and prioritization used for targeted activity planning algorithm based on territorial risk assessment

Mariya O. Berestevich
EMERCOM of Russia, Moscow, Russia

The article provides a sequence of ranking and prioritization with examples of methods applicable for assessing territorial risks as part of targeted planning of measures aimed at protecting the population and territories.

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Analysis and assessment of public danger of emergency situations in the territory of the baikal region

Vladimir V. Garmyshev1, Ramil R. Fatyhov2, Nikolay V. Pisminsky2, Aleksandr Y. Astrakhantseva1, Galina M. Boiko3
1Irkutsk National Research Technical University, Irkutsk, Russia
2The Civil Defence Academy of EMERCOM of Russia, Khimki, Russia
3Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

Voronezh More developed units of the State Fire Service and voluntary fire protection on the territory of the Voronezh Territorial Fire and Rescue garrison.

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Methods for assessing the physical fitness of firefighters and rescuers to work in personal protective equipment of the respiratory system

Sergei G. Kavriga
Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

The article proposes to change the methods used in fire departments to assess the level of physical performance of firefighters and rescuers to work in personal respiratory protective equipment. The proposed methods are presented in accordance with the modifications of the functional test Physical Working Capacity (PWC170) and the Harvard step test, existing errors are eliminated, and calculations are simplified. The modified methods are proposed to be used for primary certification for the right to work independently in personal protective equipment for the respiratory organs.

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The use of remote sensing materials for information support of rescue operations in wetlands

Igor M. Lamkov1, Evgeniy A. Pahomov1, Larisa A. Golovina2
1Siberian State University of Water Transport, Novosibirsk, Russia
2Siberian State University of Geosystems and Technologies, Novosibirsk, Russia

Conducting emergency rescue and other urgent work in the event of a crash of aircraft in wetlands is accompanied by special difficulties for rescuers. Some swamps are impassable even for all-terrain vehicles, and rescue swimming facilities cannot be used due to dense vegetation. In conditions of a heavily swampy area, it is impossible to land an airplane or helicopter, and additional floating facilities and materials are required to deploy a temporary field camp. When conducting reconnaissance of the crash site of an aircraft, a method is proposed for determining the patency of a wetland area using remote sensing data. The proposed textural characteristics of landscape components obtained from remote sensing materials will provide emergency rescue formations with more accurate data on the wetland area.

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Problematic Issues of Ensuring Safety in Emissions and Spills of Accidentally Chemically Hazardous Substances on the Territory of the Russian Federation

Sergey A. Bulkin1, Ivan Yu. Sergeev2, Liliya R. Sharifullina1, Nikolay P. Valuev1
1Civil Defence Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Khimki, Russia
2Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

Quantitative characteristics of emergencies associated with the release and spill of hazardous chemical substances (AHOV) over a twenty-year period are presented. An analysis of the modern regulatory framework governing the handling of hazardous chemicals in order to prevent and develop emergency situations of emergencies was carried out. The problems of emergency situations of a man-made nature with emissions or spills of hazardous chemicals are considered. The greatest danger in an emergency with the release of hazardous chemicals is the toxic effect caused by the entry of a poisonous substance into the human body. It is shown that the risk of injury or death of people in an emergency with a hazardous chemical spill continues to remain almost at a constant level for a long time. Substances in the gaseous state or highly volatile substances present the greatest danger. Issues on the development of methods and a set of measures for the elimination of man-made emergencies with the release or spill of hazardous chemicals were considered.

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Assessment of the effectiveness of the activities of the executive authorities of the subjects of the Russian Federation in the field of protection of the population and territories from emergency situations

Oleg O. Kulabukhov
EMERCOM of Russia, Moscow, Russia

The article presents the main approaches to assessing the effectiveness of the executive authorities of the subjects of the Russian Federation in the field of protection of the population and territories from emergency situations.

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Development of an oil spill model at a potentially hazardous facility in the Arctic zone of the Krasnoyarsk Territory by means of simulation modeling

Yaroslav V. Grebnev1,2, Alexander K. Moskalev1, Dinara I. Shagidulina1, Alexander V. Antonov2,3, Dmitry V. Ivanov3
1Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
2Russian Emergencies Ministry for the Krasnoyarsk Territory, Krasnoyarsk, Russia
3Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

The active development of the Arctic, which has become a trend of the last decade, has become a big challenge for the fragile ecosystem of the Arctic and requires proper control over technological processes at enterprises, since over the past two years a number of accidents have occurred in the Arctic associated with spilling oil products on the soil and water bodies located in these areas. Applicable measures to ensure technosphere safety are currently insufficient, as evidenced by the increasing number of emergencies and the use of modern technologies for monitoring and forecasting risks is required in order to adjust action plans in the event of an emergency and calculate the required forces and means. Modeling of oil and oil products spills is carried out in order to carry out preventive measures to prevent emergency situations. Methods for estimating the area of oil spills currently used, especially in the Arctic zone, have a number of limitations. In this work, the modeling of the process of bottling oil products was carried out in order to calculate the distribution of the concentration of pollutants and neural network prediction of the area of pollution up to the moment of its liquidation. To simulate an emergency, there was the PHOENICS software product and a neural network forecasting technique using the Scikit-Learn library in the Python programming language. The simulation results were correlated with the data obtained in the analysis of an accident that occurred due to a pipeline depressurization when pumping oil from a vessel to a tank farm on the Khatanga River in the Arctic zone of the Krasnoyarsk Territory.

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Instrumental and methodological reasoning of the procedure for identification of conservative components of liquid hydrocarbons and their temporary and biodegradation remains

Sergey G. Ivakhnyuk
Saint-Petersburg University of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, Saint Petersburg, Russia

The features of the physical and colloidal-chemical state of liquid hydrocarbons when they enter the hydrosphere were determined. It is established that petroleum hydrocarbons, being exposed to temporal and biochemical degradation, cause low reliability of their identification. The list of metals and their organic compounds, necessary and sufficient for qualitative and quantitative detection for the identification of oils and petroleum products has been defined. The methods of analysis, providing identification of petroleum hydrocarbons, both in their circulation and in migration into the environment, are proposed.

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Informatics, Computer Science and Management

Dependence of the level of professional risks on the expenditure of occupational safety

Vladimir V. Kharin, Evgeniy V. Bobrinev, Elena Yu. Udavtsova, Oleg V. Streltsov, Andrey A. Kondashov
All-Russian Research Institute for Fire Protection of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters», Balashikha, Russia

The study of the impact of labor safety costs on the level of occupational risks (death, injury, occupational diseases) in the Russian Federation. A factor analysis was performed using indicators of occupational risks and labor protection costs in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The analysis showed an insignificant effect of labor protection costs on the level of occupational risks. To increase the efficiency of the use of funds for labor protection, it is necessary to highlight the areas of labor protection that require correction, to develop procedures for such correction for each type of economic activity, taking into account regional characteristics.

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Pedagogical sciences

Sociological monitoring as a tool for analyzing the level of satisfaction of employees of higher education bodies of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia

Dmitriy V.Savochkin1, Irina G Sinkovskaya2
1Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia
2Siberian State University of Science and Technology named after Academician M.F. Reshetnev, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

This article is devoted to the description of sociological monitoring as a tool for analyzing the level of satisfaction of employees of educational institutions of higher education of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia. The use of sociological monitoring made it possible to obtain up-to-date information on the dynamics of factors affecting the social well-being of the teaching staff of the university, which can be used by the administration to make effective management decisions in the field of employee motivation policy.

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Duality and national component of personality socialization in the education system

Viktor V. Morozov
Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

This article analyzes the process of forming two sub-personalities of a citizen of Russia. An important thing in personality socialization is the fact that any educational system forms a «public» personality (public consciousness), and the student on this basis creates its «individual» personality (individual consciousness, self-consciousness). In modern rapidly changing conditions, it is necessary to take into account that there are two «actors» in the process of socializing the personality – the system of education and the young man himself. Two sub-personalities interact throughout the human life, and «individual» personality has more, if not decisive, influence on the formation of spirituality and on volitional actions of a person who is a carrier of a system of social relations of a particular society.

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