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The journal contains the following thematic sections (headings) that correspond to the Nomenclature of scientific specialties, approved by the Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia No. 59, dated February 25, 2009 (as amended and supplemented):

The journal reviews and accepts articles on the specific topics:

Articles:

Cover, editorial advice, content

Fire and industrial safety (05.26.03)

Fire safety of the soundproof wooden CLT panel carrier

S.P. Amelchugov1,2, I.V. Tarasov1, R.G. Shubkin2, D.V. Ivanov2, M.A. Nikulin3
1Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia; 2Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia; 3State Agrarian University of the Northern Trans-Urals, Tyumen, Russia

The article presents a study of a fire soundproof wooden CLT panel designed on physical principles not previously used for building structures, the influence of sound pockets on the spread of gorenje and the process of charring is considered, a proposal is made about the need to take into account the reduction in the load-bearing capacity in case of fire soundproof wooden CLT panel.

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To the topic of equipping with tools and equipment of the main fire trucks of general use

Pavel V. Shirinkin1, Alexander Yu. Troyak2, Sergei O. Kurtov2, Vyacheslav Yu. Yarovoy2
1Academy State Fire Service EMERCOM of Russia, Moscow, Russia; 2Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

The article deals with the problem of equipping the main fire trucks of general use with fire tools and equipment necessary to perform the tasks dictated by the modern realities of the activities of fire departments. The combat actions of fire departments are identified and characterized, the implementation of which requires the use of modern fire-technical weapons and emergency equipment. A number of technical solutions have been proposed that make it possible to quickly perform the tasks facing the fire departments.

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Analysis of the effect of non-compliance with fire distances on combustion propagation during judicial standard fire and technical expertise

Natalya V. Petrova; Sofya F. Lobova; Aleksandr E. Gajdukevich
Saint-Petersburg University of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, Saint Petersburg, Russia

The features of computer simulation within the framework of judicial standard fire and technical examinations are considered in order to assess the impact of non-compliance of fire distances on the spread of combustion between buildings, structures and other facilities. An example of modeling of the fire spread to the gas distribution cabinet during burning of combustible material stored in the protected area of the distribution equipment is given.

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Regularities of distribution and real condition of operated fire trucks according to controlled indicators of structural safety of power plants

Ivan V. Satsuk
Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

The normative-legal acts in the field of constructive safety of engines of fire trucks and scientific works devoted to the control of exhaust gases are analyzed. The tendencies of equipping fire departments with modern fire equipment and the features of its operation in comparison with civil transport are considered. The analysis of the distribution of modern diesel fire trucks of the Krasnoyarsk Territory by environmental classes, engine brands, failures of fuel equipment and engine piston group has been carried out.

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Improvement of the process of inspection of the fire site with the involvement of a specialist of the forensic institution of the FPS of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia for the investigation of the fire site and the use of field instrumental methods in the framework of assistance to the inquirer (investigator) conducting an inspection of the scene

Liubov V. Dolgushina, Roman V. Zuev, Anna A. Vorobyova
Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

The article suggests a way to reduce the time spent by an inquirer (investigator) to inspect the fire site and improve the quality of recording the results of a fire investigation using various field methods. The article is a continuation of a series of articles that reveal problems in the organization of the work of forensic expert institutions (SEU) of the Federal Fire Service (FPS) of the Ministry of Civil Defense, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (EMERCOM of Russia). The articles are designed to reveal the existing problems, determine the causes of their occurrence and possible solutions.

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Proactive management model of production on affairs about administrative offenses generated fire and industrial hazard

Aleksey Y. Mironov1, Anna Y. Mironova2, Vyacheslav G. Burlov2
1Russian State Hydrometeorological University, St. Petersburg, Russia; 2Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg, Russia

For the purpose of early detection and prevention of the growing number of fires, environmental and man-made accidents, a geoinformation system synthesis of proactive management of the production complex on affairs about administrative offenses that give rise to fire and industrial danger is considered. According to Anokhin-Sudakov’s theory of functional systems, by a natural-science approach to the management synthesis in conditions of limited resources created a mathematical model for making managerial decisions, adequately formalized at each stage of the administrative process. An analytical dependence is determined that integrates the patterns of geoinformation, supervisory and geolocation components of the management system for the stage of administrative practice. Through the modeling of the Markov chain of the administrative process by the Kolmogorov-Chapman’s equations system, a criterion for the existence of preventive management is proposed, allowing the proper efficiency of the administrative production cycle to optimize the intensity of identifying and neutralizing threats within a reasonable time.

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Fire-technical investigation of explosion and fire shunt reactor

Ruslan O. Morozov1, Galina V. Plotnikova2, Anatoly A. Shekov2,3, Pavel S. Khatskevich4
1Deputy Head of the Department of the Regulatory and Technical Main Directorate of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia for the Irkutsk Region, Irkutsk, Russia; 2East Siberian Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Irkutsk, Russia; 3Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia; 4Forensic expert institution of the Federal Fire Service “Testing Fire Laboratory” in the Irkutsk region, Irkutsk, Russia

The article presents the results of the fire-technical investigation of the explosion and fire of the shunt reactor that occurred during the test work after its repair. The nature of the damage developing in the transformer was determined by the ratio of concentrations of gases dissolved in transformer oil, such as hydrogen, methane, acetylene, ethylene, ethane, oxide and carbon dioxide. When analyzing the results of the chromatographic study, it was found that the concentration of all gases dissolved in the oil exceeded the boundary limits, which confirms the occurrence of an emergency operation mode as a result of a short circuit, which led to heating of the oil and insulation, increased pressure in the tank, depressurization and the release of oil vapors outside, which led to an explosion and fire.

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Study of building inorganic materials based on gypsum by IR spectroscopy

Liubov V. Dolgushina, Alyona I. Popova
Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

The article considers the behavior of a gypsum-based building material under thermal exposure. The dependence of the main physical and chemical characteristics on the heating temperature of gypsum fiber is shown. IR spectroscopy was used as an instrumental research method. Regularities between the temperature effect and the composition of materials based on gypsum are revealed. Differences in the IR spectra of materials based on gypsum are experimentally shown depending on the magnitude of the temperature effect.

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On the issue of not taking feasible measures in the event of a fire

Andrey O. Andreev, Evgeniy A. Yagodka, Nataliya G. Alexandrova
State Fire Academy of EMERCOM of Russia; Russian Federation, Moscow

The paper considers the problem of bringing people to responsibility for failure to take feasible measures to evacuate people in case of fire. On the basis of the analysis of various sources the working definition of the concept “feasible measures”is formulated. The conditions (factors) influencing implementation of feasible measures, and also the circumstances excluding approach of criminal responsibility are revealed.

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Development of a convective fire barrier to reduce the fire hazard of technological processes and industries

Dmitry V. Kargashilov1,2, Irina A. Ivanova1, Anastasia P. Parshina1
1Voronezh State Technical University, Voronezh, Russia; 2Voronezh Institute for Advanced Training of Employees of the State Fire Service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia, Voronezh, Russia

The article describes one of the ways to reduce the fire hazard of technological processes and industries by using a convective fire barrier, which can not only prevent the spread of dangerous fire factors beyond its source, but also be used as a fence providing ventilation of spaces with the presence of technological equipment, in which circulate flammable gases or liquids. The authors considered the existing designs of fire barriers and proposed a convective fire barrier, described its design, operating principle, and also presented options for a barrier made of reinforced concrete materials and expanded metal. An example of the practical application of the barrier is given.

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Scientific and practical bases of increasing the range of the fire barrel jet

Sergey P. Amelchugov1,2, Alexey N. Baturo2, Vitaly A. Negin3, Alexander V. Antonov2,4, Alexander I. Firsov5
1Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia; 2Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia; 3Automatic fire extinguishing systems, Krasnoyarsk, Russia; 4The Main Directorate of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, Russia; 5Academy State Fire Service EMERCOM of Russia, Moscow, Russia

The article is devoted to the practical solution of increasing the range of the jet supply during firefighting by changing the shape of the nozzles. The range of the jet is an important parameter for fire fighting. A jet of water is formed by a fire nozzle, while an important indicator is the impact of a jet of water on the combustion source. Water jets are used not only for fire extinguishing, but also for cooling the structures of buildings and structures. Therefore, for firefighting purposes, water supply over considerable distances is necessary.

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Increasing the service life of fire equipment parts

Alexandra A. Snezhko1,2, Anastasia P. Filkova1, Oleg R. Luzanov2
1Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy, Zheleznogorsk, Russian Federation; 2Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation

The paper analyzes the causes of wear and methods of hardening of fire equipment parts. The results of studies of the influence of technological parameters on the structure and properties of oxide coatings (hardness, thickness, wear resistance) are presented. The influence of the chemical composition of the base material on the geometry and performance characteristics of parts after microarc oxidation is discussed.

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Justification of the use of high-terrain vehicles (off-road vehicles) in extinguishing fires in flood zones

Alexander M. Tararykin
Ural Institute of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, Ekaterinburg, Russia

The article presents statistics on fires in the flood zones of the Krasnodar Territory, discusses the features of extinguishing fires in the flood zones of the Krasnodar Territory, and performs a comparative analysis of the tactical and technical characteristics of high-traffic vehicles when extinguishing fires in flood zones. In the course of the study, the main advantages of using high-terrain vehicles for extinguishing fires in flood zones were identified, and options for improving off-road vehicles for fire extinguishing were also proposed.

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Emergency Security (05.26.02)

Methods of using unmanned aerial vehicles to control the fire and explosion safety of oil and gas pipelines

Andrey V. Kalach1, Sysoeva T. Pavlovna2, Elena V. Kalach3, Alexander S. Krutolapov2, Nikolay V. Martinovich1
1Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia; 2Saint-Petersburg state University of emergency situations of Russia,Saint Petersburg, Russiа; 3Voronezh State Technical University, Voronezh, Russiа

The analysis and generalization of priority tasks to ensure the required modes of operation of unmanned aerial vehicles of aircraft and helicopter type in low temperature conditions is carried out. Special attention is paid to the issue of ensuring the required mode of operation of the batteries of an unmanned aerial vehicle. The developed methods take into account the current flight rules and allow for the operation of aircraft in a safe mode, to receive informative images from the fire scene when investigating the causes of the fire.

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Model of aerodynamic control of radioactive contamination of territories

Ivan Y. Sergeev1, Nikolai P. Valuev2, Sergey A. Guzenkov2
1Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia; 2Civil Dеfеnсе Acаdеmу EMЕRCOM of Russia, Moscow, Russia

A mathematical model of aerodynamic monitoring of radioactive contamination of the territory is described. The regression equation of the model contains the components of the altitude dependence of the dose rate of radioactive contamination of the territory and the level of the cosmic background. The model makes it possible to determine not only the total radiation dose rate at the height of the aircraft, which indirectly depends on the level of radioactive contamination, but to carry out remote measurement of the dose rate directly on the surface of the territory.

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Method for orienting a mobile loading device using a laser scanner

Andrey V. Kalach1, Sergey V. Anikin2, Nikolay V. Martinovich1, Tatyana A. Lomaeva3
1Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia; 2Military Research and Training Centre of the Air Force “Military Air Academy named after Professor N.E. Zhukovsky and Y.A. Gagarin”, Voronezh, Russia; 3Academy of State Fire Service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia, Moscow, Russia

Signals from Lidar-type circular laser sensors are typically used to detect the presence of an obstacle in the path of the robot. It is proposed to use the laser sensor data in the working area to orient (align) the axes of the transport module and the body of the loading object. The main goal is to obtain a simple orientation algorithm with minimal hardware and software requirements to the control system.

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Methodology for assessing the readiness of the radiation monitoring system to detect local sources of ionizing radiation

Alexander I. Mazanik1, Nikolay P. Valuev1, Ivan Y. Sergeev2, Gleb A. Nikolaev2
1Civil Defense Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Moscow, Russia; 2Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy EMERCOM of Russia, Zheleznogorsk, Russia

The article describes a methodology for assessing the level of readiness of the radiation monitoring system to detect local sources of ionizing radiation of terrorist origin. The developed methodology makes it possible to assess the current level of readiness of the monitoring system on a five-point scale. The methodology provides for the sequential solution of six problems, for which appropriate algorithms based on well-known scientific methods (the method of paired comparisons, the Delphi method, the ranking method and the method of hierarchy analysis) have been developed.

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Some issues of improving the Arctic subsystem of the unified State emergency prevention and response system and the civil defense system

Vladimir N. Belousov, Igor V. Peteshev, Aleksandr A. Ryzhov
Civil Defence Academy of Emercom of Russia, Khimki, Russia

The article reveals the need to create a separate subsystem as part of the Unified State Emergency Prevention and Response System in the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation (hereinafter the Arctic zone). The article gives a brief description of the territory, and reveals the factors determining the need for its allocation into a separate subsystem.

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Fire site survey features to obtain information needed to address regulatory specialization issues

N.A. Kravchenko
Saint-Petersburg University of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, Saint Petersburg, Russia

The paper considers modern spectral analysis methods as tools for performing fire-technical expertise. The subject of analysis, as a rule, are commercial petroleum products. At the same time, the capabilities of the methods allow not only the traditional identification of individual substances, but also the qualitative and quantitative analysis of multicomponent mixtures. The analysis of the main characteristics of the equipment available in the FSBI SEU IPL, used in the study of commercial petroleum products for the purpose of fire technical expertise, is carried out.

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Ffeatures of actions of fire protection units when extinguishing fires of cars with an electric motor

Nikolay Yu. Pivovarov, Vadim V. Zykov, Andrey N. Gladkkikh, Alexey N. Petukhov
All-Russian Research Institute of Fire Defense of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Russian Federation, Balashikha , Russia

The article considers a car with an electric motor from the point of view of the fire danger of its components and assemblies, the most common causes and statistics of fires of vehicles with electric motors are given. The main types of danger for participants of fire extinguishing are considered. Recommendations are given on the procedure for the actions of operational officials and participants in extinguishing when conducting combat operations to extinguish fires of cars with an electric motor. The necessity of developing and improving existing tactical approaches to fire extinguishing and emergency rescue operations by fire and rescue units when extinguishing fires of cars with electric motors is substantiated.

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Influence of bordering forest areas when predicting fires

Alexander V. Shiroukhov, Konstantin S. Ivanov
Saint-Petersburg University of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, Saint Petersburg, Russia

The article discusses the procedure for determining the probability of occurrence of a particular state of a forest area; in particular, the state is fires of the greatest interest. Forecasting is based on the analysis of statistical data on the considered section of the forest territory. The influence of neighboring sites on the probability of fire in the studied area is considered as one of the factors. The assessment of the influence of the bordering areas is formed based on the analysis of the state of neighboring areas and the prevailing wind direction.

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The educational process of departmental educational organizations in the development of moral and psychological stability of cadets: a review problems

Michael A. Sibirko1, Michael A. Sibirko2
1Voronezh Institute of the Ministry of internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Voronezh, Russia; 2Voronezh Institute of High Technologies, Voronezh, Russia

The article presents an overview of studies related to the features, factors, specific methods, forms and means of the educational process of departmental universities. The spiritual and moral development of youth is considered as one of the directions of the educational process, which is specified in the need to develop the moral and psychological stability of cadets. The concept and structure of the moral and psychological stability of cadets are determined. The views of various scientists on the content of the educational environment of departmental educational organizations, its role in the development of the moral and psychological stability of cadets are analyzed. The conclusion is made about the insufficient experimental development of the problem of not only the rational, but also the emotional side of the education of cadets, which is associated with the development of the emotional component of their moral and psychological stability.

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Informatics, Computer Science and Management

The use of ultrasonic testing to determine the strength of concrete floor slabs after an explosion of household gas in a residential building

Sofia D. Kovaleva, Anton H. Avgutsevics
All-Russian Research Institute for Civil Defense and Emergency Situations of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia, Moscow, Russia

Recently, cases of household gas explosion have become more frequent, in which there is not only partial destruction of bearing structural elements of buildings or structures, but also their complete collapse. As a result, buildings and structures and their individual structural elements experience various kinds of deformations, which can lead to catastrophic consequences. Therefore, when gas is called, including domestic gas, it is necessary to conduct studies of strength characteristics, damaged and solid bearing structural elements that will help determine the condition of structures and draw a conclusion about the technical condition of the building or structure as a whole.

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Injury levels of personnel of the federal border guard service of the state border service during their service for 2017-2021 when they perform various types of activities

N.А. Pankratov1, V.A. Mashtakov2, E.Yu. Udavtsova2, E.V. Bobrinev2, E.V. Bobrinev2
1Department of Strategic Planning and Organizational Work, EMERCOM of Russia, Moscow, Russia; 2FGBU VNIIPO of EMERCOM of Russia, Balashikha, Russia

The injury rates of the personnel of the FPS of the State Border Service during their service in 2017-2021 were studied. It is shown that the level of injuries of the operational staff of the FPS of the State Fire Service differs from the level of injuries of the service staff. It is proposed to compare the risks of injury and death of firefighters with the risks of other professions and activities to use not averaged data on the number of accidents (including fatalities) in the fire departments or in general for the EMERCOM of Russia, but the calculated values of risks for the main types of activities personnel of the EMERCOM of Russia, taking into account the real time of employment by these types of activities by the personnel of the EMERCOM of Russia.

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Pedagogical sciences